MANUAL TESTING

 

Testing is the process of evaluating a system or its component(s) with the intent to find whether it
satisfies the specified requirements or not. In simple words, testing is executing a system in order to
identify any gaps, errors, or missing requirements in contrary to the actual requirements.
According to ANSI/IEEE 1059 standard, Testing can be defined as – A process of analyzing a software
item to detect the differences between existing and required conditions (that is defects/errors/bugs)
and to evaluate the features of the software item.

It depends on the process and the associated stakeholders of the project(s). In the IT industry, large
companies have a team with responsibilities to evaluate the developed software in context of the
given requirements. Moreover, developers also conduct testing which is called Unit Testing. In most
cases, the following professionals are involved in testing a system within their respective capacities:
1) Software Tester
2) Software Developer
3) Project Lead/Manager
4) End User
Different companies have different designations for people who test the software on the basis of
their experience and knowledge such as Software Tester, Software Quality Assurance Engineer, QA
Analyst, etc.
It is not possible to test the software at any time during its cycle. The next two sections state when
testing should be started and when to end it during the SDLC.

SOFTWARE TESTING – OVERVIEW

  • What is Testing?
  • Who does Testing?
  • When to Start Testing?
  • When to Stop Testing?
  • Verification & Validation
  • Myths

SOFTWARE TESTING – QA, QC, AND TESTING

  • Testing, Quality Assurance, and Quality Control
  • Audit and Inspection
  • Testing and Debugging

SOFTWARE TESTING – ISO STANDARDS

  • ISO/IEC 9126
  • ISO/IEC 9241-11
  • ISO/IEC 25000:2005
  • ISO/IEC 12119
  • Miscellaneous

SOFTWARE TESTING – TYPES OF TESTING

  • Manual Testing
  • Software Testing
  • Automation Testing
  • What to Automate?
  • When to Automate?
  • How to Automate?
  • Software Testing Tools

SOFTWARE TESTING – TESTING METHODS

  • Black-Box Testing
  • White-Box Testing
  • Grey-Box Testing
  • A Comparison of Testing Methods

SOFTWARE TESTING – TESTING LEVELS

  • Functional Testing
  • Unit Testing
  • Integration Testing
  • System Testing
  • Regression Testing
  • Acceptance Testing
  • Non-Functional Testing
  • Usability Testing
  • Security Testing
  • Portability Testing

SOFTWARE TESTING – DOCUMENTATION

  • Test Plan
  • Test Scenario
  • Test Case
  • Traceability Matrix
  • Software Testing

SOFTWARE TESTING – ESTIMATION TECHNIQUES

  • Functional Point Analysis
  • Test Point Analysis
  • Mark-II Method
  • Miscellaneous
  • Software development life cycle (SDLC)
  • Software test life cycle (STLC)
  • Defect Management